Brittany pictures

Brittany

Brittany - Brief Info

Other names

Brittany Spaniel

Nicknames

No

Origin

France

Hypoallergenic

No

Temperament

Happy, Intelligent, Energetic

Weight

30–45 pounds (14–20 kg)

Height

17-21 inches (43-53 cm)

Coat

Single coat: dense, wary or flat

Colors

Orange and white, liver and white, tri-colors

Litter size

1-11puppies, average: 6

Life span

12-15 years

Energy

High Energy

Price Range

$700-$800

Average yearly cost

$695

Group

AKC: Sporting

UKC: Gun Dog

CKC: Sporting Dogs

ANKC: Gundogs

1. Overview

The Brittany is a medium-sized dog famous for its happiness, intelligence, gentleness and high profuse energy. They are believed to be the result from the crossbred between local spaniel type dogs and the English pointers and setters (see dog breeds). Bred as gundogs, the Brittanys are not also companion dogs of hunter but can also make great family dogs. In 1934, this breed was given official recognition by the AKC and currently ranks 27th among the most popular dog breed in the America.

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2. Is the Brittany the Right Breed for you?

  • Easy training: This breed is quite easy to train. Thanks to its high intelligence and eagerness to please the owner, the Brittany can perform well in obedience training and other tricks. However, these little sensitive dogs require soft approach and positive reinforcement or else they just end up being even harder to control. The Brittany is likely to be shy and reserved so early socialization and exposure to people and other animals is necessary so that it can be gentle and polite.
  • Fur: The Brittany has a single coat with the dense layer of medium-length hair that can be either wary or flat. It is known to shed at a moderate level and be quite easy to take care of.
  • Adaptability: The Brittany dogs are not excellent in their ability to adapt. In fact, with their high energy and need for vigorous exercise, they are not cut out for living in an apartment. The dogs can cope quite well with the harsh weather, especially when it is cold. 
  • For owner: This breed is suitable for the even first-time owner as it is easy to train, intelligent and sweet-natured. However, the apartment dwellers or those who are too busy are not recommended to own a dog of this breed. If you want a dog which is polite and gentle to other people and animals, and wiling to take part in any vigorous and athletic activity, the Brittany may be a good choice.
  • Watchdog: The Brittany can make a great watchdog as they will quickly bark and alert its owners when someone or something approaches.
  • Separation anxiety: The Brittany need the high level of attention and can develop separation anxiety if ignored for a long time.
  • Whining: Brittany usually persistent whining when excited or stressed.
  • Need enough socialization: Brittany becomes shyness, timidity or fearfulness toward people when not socialized enough. So it's important to provide socialization a Brittany as soon as possible.

3. Breed Traits

Weight

30–45 pounds (14–20 kg)

Height

17-21 inches (43-53 cm)

Coat

Single coat: dense, wary or flat

Color

Orange and white, liver and white, tri-colors

Litter size

1-11puppies, average: 6

Life span

12-15 years

4. History

The Brittany has its origin from the Brittany province in the northwest of France, from which it took its name.

The first records of this breed are images of orange and white Brittany-like dogs hunting and retrieving game on tapestries and paintings from the 17th century. In the 1850’s, some English sportsmen travelled to Brittany to hunt woodcock, bringing with them their Pointers, English, Irish, Gordon and Llewellyn Setters. The Brittany is believed to be created after liver and white local spaniel type dogs with the English pointers and setters.

Brittany was first shown at the Paris Dog Show in 1900.

Not until 1928 did the first Brittany make it to the USA. The breed standard was first adopted by the American Kennel Club in 1934.

The first Brittany’s imported into  the United Kingdom arrived in 1982 and the first litter registered in the same year, while here in New Zealand, the first New Zealand Kennel Club registration was in 1975.

Although the Brittany was originally called a Brittany Spaniel, the name has undergone a slight change in the USA. The American Kennel Club dropped the word Spaniel from the name in 1982 because they felt these dogs resembled setter and pointer type dogs more closely. In this the US, the name is simply Brittany, although the rest of the world still refers to the breed by its full given name.

5. Official Breed Standard

If you want to take your Brittany to conformation show, a breed show that evaluates a dog to a judge's mental image of the ideal breed type as outlined in the individual breed's standard, you should know the official breed standard of Brittany:

  • Size: A standard Brittany should stand 17½ to 20½ inches (44.5-53 cm) tall. Any dog exceeding this size limit is considered the fault. The ideal weight is between 30 and 40 pounds (14-20kg) for both male and female one. The body length should equal to the height.
  • Coat: The Brittany is single-coated with a layer of dense, wavy or flat hair. The long curly and silky hair and is undesirable. The coat can be accepted in orange and white or liver and white. Some orange markings on the eyebrows, muzzle, and cheeks, which create tri-colors, are acceptable.
  • Head: The ideal Brittany should have a soft but alert and eager look. The head should be rounded and longer than the width. The muzzle is about two-thirds the length of the skull, and taper gradually to the nose. Too broad, heavy or snippy muzzle is not permitted. The standard nose has broad nostrils and can come in fawn, tan, brown and dark pink. Shiny or black nose with tight nostrils should be penalized. The rounded and dark eyes with heavy eyebrows are acceptable. The ears, which are short, flat, triangular and covered in dense hair, should set higher than the eyes.
  • Jaws: A standard Brittany should have a perfect scissor bite with upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth. The overshot or undershot jaw is not acceptable.
  • Body: The ideal body should be compact with the deep chest that reaches the level of the elbow. The tail is short (about 4 inches) is perfect.

brittany official breed standard

6. Colors

The Brittany is most seen in orange and white, liver and white. The colors can be clear or roan patterns. The tri-colored dogs, which have orange markings on the eyebrows, cheeks, and muzzle are also allowable but not preferable.  Other usual colors among Brittany include black and white, black-based tricolor and liver-based tricolor though they are not desirable. Totally black dogs should be severely penalized. Recently, the sable color has appeared in Brittany and it has been banned and discouraged from breeding.

  • Clear Orange and White

Brittany Clear Orange and White

  • Orange and Roan

Orange and Roan Brittany

  • Clear Liver and White

Clear Liver and White Brittany

  • Clear Liver and Roan

Clear Liver and Roan Brittany

  • Liver, Orange, and White

Liver, Orange, and White Brittany

7. Temperament

The Brittany breed is reputed for being happy, alert and human-oriented. Their merry nature can lighten your day whenever they are around you. This breed loves participating family activities, in which they can use up their energy and being with human.

This breed needs a high level of attention and cannot tolerate being on its own. When left alone for too long, the Brittanys can become bored, stressed, and destructive. They often express symptoms of boredom and frustration and sadness by barking and chewing excessively.

Most of the Brittanys are rather sensitive, therefore, require soft voice and gentle training. Harsh words and rudeness do not get you anything but an aggressive or frightened dogs that won’t respond well.

The submissive nature can lead to shyness and reserved if not well trained. Therefore, early socialization with other people and animals is recommended in training this breed. If given enough socialization, the Brittany is sweet-hearted, polite, gentle and able to live in harmony with your other pets.

8. Exercise

As a hunting dog, the Brittany is highly energetic, always active and enjoys vigorous exercise. You should consider giving your pet one to two hours of walks on the leash to keep it healthy. If you can get access to a dog park, you are recommended to let the Brittany exercise about two hours off leash once a day. Your dogs would love to visit the park about three or four times every week.

exercise brittany

Due to its compact size, it The Brittany can jump very high and you need a backyard with the high fence to keep it in.

You will find your dog excellent at all kinds of canine sports including agility, flyball, and obedience and run and hike, and object fetching with the kids. Enrolling this dog in agility or obedience classes can be a help both mentally and physically if there are any in your area.

exercise brittany 2

If not given sufficient exercise and activities, the Brittany may find another way to use up its profuse energy by excessively barking and chewing. 

9. Coat and Grooming

The Brittany has a single medium-sized and wavy coat that sheds moderately. Their coats are manageable with a daily brushing with either a small pin brush or a soft brush to help their coat grow in a healthy pattern and to remove any debris they collect during the day. They should be groomed every 4 – 6 weeks.

Brittany’s are a sporting breed and are bred to flush game in the field and need to be bathed regularly to keep them in good shape. Remember to remove any mats or tangles on the dog’s hair with the help of detangling spray before giving it a bath. You are recommended to use shampoo made for dogs as ones for the human may have high pH and destroy the naturally oily coat of the dog. Be sure to end the bath with conditioner, which will help with brushing out your pet and keep the coat hydrated to protect against harsh weather conditions.

The nails should be trimmed regularly, usually every couple of week. You should give your dog’s teeth daily brush if you don’t want to deal with a dog with the dental problem or bad breath. Check the ears carefully, especially when the dog has been out in rough or brushy terrain to take out the debris.

10. Health

The Brittany is generally a healthy dog breed with average life span from 12 to15 years.

However, they are prone to some diseases and the following are the common health problems among the Brittany:

  • Epilepsy: This is a neurological disorder that causes dogs to have sudden, uncontrolled and recurring seizures. The causes of this condition include trauma, exposure to toxins, brain tumors, genetic abnormalities, issues with the dog’s blood or organs. If you notice your pet sudden become worried, dazed, stressed, or frightened or sometimes having difficulty controlling urination, running frantically, staggering, hiding, you’d better consult your veterinarian for the medication.
  • Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is the most common orthopedic disease in the Brittany. This condition involves the malformation of the ball and socket joint, resulting in a joint that rubs and grinds. Hind-limb lameness, often worse after exercise. “Bunny-hopping”, hind-lime lameness and reluctant to run, jump or climb are among the onsets of this disease. The dog with hip dysplasia may be cured by surgery.
  • Glaucoma: This is a common eyes disease in Brittany divided into two types: primary and secondary. Glaucoma is caused when there is not enough fluid drainage in the eye. You may see your dog some symptoms such as blinking of the eye, cloudy appearance in the eyes. If you have a dog with Glaucoma, you should quickly inform your veterinarian and ask for the treatment.

11. Nutrition and Feeding

A nutritious, balanced diet is essential to keeping your dog healthy. The amount of food intake will vary from dog to dog depending on your pet’s size, age, and activity level.

When feeding your Brittany, it is best to choose high-quality dry dog foods. And since this breed is so energetic, ensure that you are feeding your dog enough food to sustain its abundant energy. You are advised to feed your pet 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals to better monitor how it feeds.

The ingredients should be included in the meal for a Brittany are protein, fat, fruit while you should not give your pet corn, grain, alcohol, milk, caffeine, garlic and much more if you do not want it to destroy its liver, skin, digestive system and overall health. 

12. Demography

The number of registration Brittany in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, United Kingdom, France, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, Portugal, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine and U.S.A comprise of 19,828 individuals (2013), putting it in the 30th place among the most popular dog breed.

13. Price Range

$700 - $800

14. What's the average yearly cost to own a Brittany?

$695

15. Rescue Group

If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Brittany.

16. Breed Organization

Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Brittany.

17. Pictures

Brittany pictures 1

Brittany pictures 2

Brittany pictures 3

Brittany pic

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