Golden Retriever pictures

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever - Brief Info

Other names Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat
Origin United Kingdom
Hypoallergenic No
Temperament Friendly, Outgoing, Active, Alert, Loyal, Obedient, Intelligent
Weight Male: 65–80 lb (29–36 kg)
Female: 55–70 lb (25–32 kg)
Height Male: 22–24 in (56–61 cm)
Female: 20-22 in (51-56 cm)
Coat straight or moderately wavy
Colors any shades of gold or cream
Litter size 6-10 puppies
Life span 10-13 years
Energy Medium Energy
Price Range $800-$2000
Average yearly cost



AKC: Sporting Group

UKC: Sporting and Fishing

CKC: Sporting Group

ANKC: Gun Dogs

KC (UK): Sporting Dog

1. Overview

Golden Retriever is a large-size dog breed with a wavy coat (see dog breed). This dog breed is used primarily as a gundog and a retriever for wildfowl and bird hunting, but Golden Retrievers also become one of the most popular family pets because of its natural character: friendly, kind, and intelligent. In 1925, this dog breed is officially recognized by the AKC, in Sporting Group.

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2. Is the Golden Retriever the right breed for you

  • Easy training: Golden Retriever is easy to train because they love pleasing the owner. This dog is inclined to listen to commands and obey the orders.
  • Fur: Because they are a long-coated breed, they shed regularly, particularly at the change of season, so their fur should be groomed regularly. Golden Retriever also needs regular brushing and combing to avoid mats and tangles. Golden Retrievers are heavy shedders, so the owner should ready for this issue.
  • Adaptability: This dog is able to handle most types of hot and cold weather. Golden Retriever needs regular exercise for about one or two hours a day, or house with a large yard to avoid obesity. 
  • For owner: Golden Retriever likes pleasing their owner, they are patient with children and can be a good family pet. They are friendly with everyone and can be a great choice for people who have little experience with dog ownership.
  • Mouthiness: It means Retrievers have a tendency to nip, chew, carry things around.
  • Easy overweight: Golden Retrievers love to eat, so they are easy to gain weight. Don't overfeed your Golden.
  • Need enough exercise: Golden Retrievers are active dogs who need exercise daily to keep them healthy and happiness. Especially, Golden love to swim. Lack of exercise, your dog may becoming rambunctious and destructive.

3. Breed Traits


Male: 65–75 lb (29–34 kg),

Female: 55–65 lb (25–29 kg)


Male: 22–24 in (56–61 cm),

Female: 20-22 in (51-56 cm)


straight or moderately wavy


any shades of gold or cream

Life span

average 10-12 years

4. History

In the mid-19th century, in Scotland, wildfowl hunting was a popular sport for the wealthy Scottish elite, but the existing retriever dog breeds were inadequate for retrieving the downed preys from both water and land. Retrieving from both land and water was necessary because the hunting grounds of the time were pocketed with marshy ponds and rivers - the wildfowl's habitat. In addition, the improvements of gun during the 1800s resulted in more fowls being downed at greater distances and over increasingly difficult terrain, leading to a need for a specialist retriever, Golden Retriever was bred in this situation.

The Golden Retriever was first developed near Glen Affric in Scotland, at "Guisachan", the highland estate of Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth. For many years, which breeds were crossed was disputed, but in 1952, the publication of Marjoribanks' breeding records from 1835 to 1890 dispelled the myth concerning the purchase of a whole troupe of Russian tracker sheepdogs from visiting circus, instead it details a careful line-breeding program. Commonly, the breed is said to have originated from the Russia tracker (also called Russian Retriever).

Russian-Yellow-Retriever-Russian-TrackerRussian Tracker

The original cross was of a yellow-colored retriever, "Nous" with a Tweed Water Spaniel female dog, "Belle". Nous was purchased from an unregistered litter of otherwise black wavy-coated retriever puppies. In 1869, this cross produced a litter that included four puppies. These four pups became the basis of a breeding program which included the Irish Setter, the sandy-coloured Bloodhound, the St. John’s water dog of Newfoundland, and two more wavy-coated black retrievers. The bloodline was also inbred and selected for trueness to Marjoribanks' idea of the ultimate hunting dog - a more vigorous and powerful dog but still gentle and trainable.

The ancestry of the Golden Retriever is all sporting dogs. This dog is active, powerful and had a gentle mouth for retrieving games while on hunts.

5. Official Breed Standard

If you want to take your Golden Retriever to conformation show, a breed show that evaluates a dog to a judge's mental image of the ideal breed type as outlined in the individual breed's standard, you should know the official breed standard of Golden Retriever.

  • Size: Golden Retriever is a large-sized breed. The length from breastbone to point of buttsocks slightly greater than height at withers in ratio of 12:11. The AKC standard includes an ideal weight for males of 65-75 lb (29-34 kg) and for females as 55-65 lb (25-30 kg), and the height at withers is 23 to 24 inches (58-61 cm) for males and 21.5 to 22.5 inches (55-58 cm) for females.
  • Coat: The coat of Golden Retriever should be dense and water-repellent with good undercoat. Outer coat is firm and resilent, neither coarse nor silky, lying close to body; maybe straight or wavy. Untrimmmed natural ruff; moderate feathering on back of forelegs and on underbody; heavier feathering on front of neck, back of thighs and uderside of tail. Feet may be trimmed and stray hairs neatened, but the natural appearance of coat or outline should not be altered by cutting or clipping. The color should be rich, lustrous golden of various shades. Any noticeable area of black or other off-color hair is serious fault.
  • Head: The head should be broad in skull. Foreface is deep and wide, nearly as long as skull. Stop well defined but not abrupt. Eyes should be friendly and intelligent in expression, meadium large with dark, close-fitting rims, set well apart and reasonably deep in sockkets. Color should be dark brown to medium brown. Ears rather short with front edge attached well behind and just above the eye and falling close to cheek. Nose is black or brownish black.
  • Jaws: The muzzle should blend smoothly and strongly into skull. Teeth scissors bite.
  • Body: The body should be well balanced, short coupled, deep through the chest. Chest between forelegs at least as wide as a man's closed hand including thumb, with well developed forechest. Backline is strong and level from withers to slightly sloping croup. Tail is thick and muscular at the base, following the natural line of the croup.

6. Colors

Golden Retriever's coats occur in light golden to dark golden colors. As a Golden Retriever grows older, its coat can become darker or lighter, along with a noticeable whitening of the fur on and around the muzzle.

Puppies' coats are usually much lighter and their adult coats, but a puppy with darker ear tips may indicate a darker adult color. Golden Retriever puppies are born with white/tan coat that will changes to golden around 9 - 13 months of age.


Shades of Golden Retrievers

7. Temperament

Golden Retrievers are famous for their natural friendliness, not only are amiable with people who are familiar to them, but also with strangers, although this temperament makes them a poor guard-dog. Golden Retriever is intelligent, biddable with an exceptional eagerness to please its owner, they are also patient with the children, so they are one of the most popular dog pet in the USA. Golden Retrievers are intelligent and are the brightest dogs ranked by obedience-command trainability.

As a gundog, this dog can sit quietly for hours in hunting blind, find and retrieve back the downed fowls and birds with the soft-mouth grip. Golden Retrievers love to work, and have a keen ability to focus on a given task. They will work until they collapse, so care should be taken to avoid overworking them.

Golden Retrievers are compatible with other dogs, cats, and most livestock. They are commonly used as guide dogs, mobility assistance dogs, and search and rescue dogs.

Since Golden Retrievers are very trainable and friendly, they are used for many important jobs, such as guide dogs for blind people, drug or bomb sniffing at airports, or helping to rescuing people from natural disasters. They are also trained for water rescue/lifesaving.

8. Exercise

Golden Retrievers are really active, they are an athletic breed. This dog needs plenty of exercises to keep their bodies healthy and avoid destructive behavior. Daily long walks, games, outdoor activities are suitable for this dog. Golden Retriever can be a good companion for hiking, camping and swimming.

9. Coat and Grooming

They have double coat, the topcoat is water-resistant and slightly wavy, and sheds in small amounts throughout the year. The undercoat is soft and keeps the retriever cool in summer and warm in winter, and sheds in the spring and fall. The fur usually lies flat against the belly. Golden Retrievers have mild feathering on the backs of their fore legs and heavier feathering on the fronts of their necks, backs of their thighs and the bottoms of their tails.

Golden Retrievers require regular grooming and occasional baths. They should be groomed at least once a week, and every day during heavy shedding. They should be bathed every two months. Their coats shed somewhat during the year, but are known to shed profusely twice a year.


Golden Retriever also needs to have their ears cleaned regularly, or ear infections might occur. While shedding is unavoidable, frequent grooming (daily to weekly) lessens the amount of hair shed by the animal. Severe shedding resulting in bald patches can be indicative of stress or sickness.

10. Health

Obesity is common in the breed because Golden Retriever loves to eat, proper exercise every day will be better for them. Golden Retrievers are known to have genetic disorders and other diseases. Hip dysplasia is common in the breed.

11. Nutrition and Feeding

Depending on the size and age of your dog to choose a formula that will cater to their digestive needs. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for a large-sized breed as Golden Retriever. Owners can work with veterinarian or breeder for the best formula feeding to increase his longevity.

Limit the meal of Golden Retriever because they will eat all food they are given, they are voracious. 2 - 3 cups of dry food a day is recommended for this breed, divided into two meals. Clean and fresh water should be available at all time.

Golden Retriever puppies mature slowly, they will retain much of its playfulness until well into adulthood.


Although dry and canned food are really convenient, the owner should feed Golden Retriever homemade food, with a proper nutrition, ingredients for the size of their dog. A healthy meal should include protein, complex carbohydrate and vegetables. They also need calcium to support bone strength. Meat, vegetables, organ meat, bones (for their teeth), rice... are all good for them. You can cook the food to eliminate possible harmful bacteria, raw meat or fish are also acceptable but it has to be safe.

12. Demography

Golden Retriever has been one of the most popular dogs for many years. They are also the 3rd-most popular breed in the US. According to FCI, the number of registration Golden Retrievers in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, United Kingdom, France, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, Portugal, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine and U.S.A are 92,994 individuals (2013).

13. Price Range


14. What’s the average yearly cost to owner


15. Rescue Group

Adopting to fostering Golden Retriever will help them have their true family

16. Breed Organizations

17. Famous Golden Retriever

  1. Heroic dogs who save their owner's life
    Brutis snatched up a coral snake as it was slithering dangerously close to a young child, suffering a nearly-deadly bite from the snake. Brutis was promptly flown to Los Angeles to receive the National Hero Dog award.
    Hero was credited with saving a paralyzed man who got his wheelchair stuck in the middle of a muddy field. Hero dutifully pulled the rope his owner threw to him until the wheelchair was pulled free.
    Toby saved his owner from choking to death on an apple. When it became apparent that she was choking, the dog leapt hard onto her chest and forced the lodged morsel to come loose from her throat. He received "Dog of the Year" award in 2007.
  2. Police, military, rescue and detection dogs
    Riley and Bailey worked along with 27 other dogs at the Pentagon searching for human remains for twelve long days on 9/11
    Bretagne was involved in search efforts for the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks at World Trade Center and for Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, Hurricane Ivan and other disasters. After retiring in 2008 from active Search & Rescue, she continues as an ambassador for Search & Rescue dogs.
    Aspen is a search and rescue dog who assisted in searching for survivors of the Alfred P. Murrah Building bombing in Oklahoma City in 1995.
    Roselle - a guide dog who led her owner to safety from the 78th floor of the North Tower of the World Trade Center after the 9/11 attack.

  3. Fiction and media
    Bailey is one of the most famous Golden Retriever on the internet for acting like human in funny photos - from reading at a desk with glasses, watching TV in a robe, to working at the computer in formal wear.
    Golden Retriever has also featured in many films and movies, such as Buddy in Air Bud film series; Ben (II) as Shadow in Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey, William in Maybe Baby; Rusty in Purely Belter and Messenger in Made in Hongkong; Tango stars as Bailey in the film Bailey's Billion$;
    Goldie appeared on the UK BBC One children's program Blue Peter.
    A Golden Retriever portrayed the role of Levi, the hearing dog of the titular deaf FBI agent in Sue Thomas: F.B.Eye, based on the life of real Sue Thomas.

  4. Pets
    Liberty - the Golden Retriever of the 38th President of the USA Gerald R. Ford.
    Victory - the Golden Retriever of 40th President of the USA Ronald Reagan.
  5. Mascot and Advertisment
    Chase "That Golden Thunder" was the mascot of the Trenton Thunder - an American Minor League Baseball team.

18. Pictures

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