Pembroke Welsh Corgi pictures

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Pembroke Welsh Corgi - Brief Info

Other names Pembroke
Orgin Wales
Hypoallergenic No
Temperament Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Intelligent, Loyal
Height Male: 10-12 in (25-30cm)
Female: 10-12 in (25-30cm)
Weight Male: 26-28 lbs. (11-12kg)
Female: 24-26 lbs. (10-11kg)
Coat Harsh and Rough, Medium, Short, Thick
Colors Red, Sable, Fawn, Black and Tan
Life Span 11-13 years
Energy Medium
Price Range Average $600 - $1000 USD
Average yearly cost $1015 USD
Litter Size 6-7 puppies
Group AKC: Herding
UKC: Herding
KC (UK): Pastoral
AZKC: Working

1. Overview

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, also known as the Welsh Heeler, the Pembroke or the Pem. The breed name may derive from the word “corgi,” which is Celtic for “dog”. Some fanciers suggest that the breed was named for "cor", which in Welsh means "dwarf", and "ci" which means "dog". Another tale is that it was named for "cwr", which in Welsh means "to watch over". Corgi Bunny Butt is a source of fascination to many people. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is highly intelligent, loyal, able and willing to please its owner.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi love butt

In Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has been ranked at #11, is considered as one of the excellent working dog breeds. According to the American Kennel Club, Pembroke Welsh Corgis were ranked 21th most popular breed of dog in 2016.

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2. Is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi the Right Breed for You?

  • Easy training: This dog enjoys to listen to command and obey its owner. In fact, Pembroke has been ranked at #11 in the top excellent working dogs can understand of new commands: 5 to 15 repetitions and obey the first command: 85% of the time or better. They will please the owners who like to see quick results.
  • Fur: They don't need grooming frequently. No trimming or stripping needed but shedding is frequently, especially in the spring and fall.
  • Adaptability: Corgis will do fine in an apartment and does not need a yard if they are sufficiently exercised. They can handle both hot and cold weather.
  • For owner: It can be a good choice for those who have little experience with dog ownership because of this breed quite destructive when bored or left alone too much. They also need enough mental stimulation and physical exercises to fulfill his desire to work.
  • Great watchdog: Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a great watchdog. This breed is often too quick to sound the alarm its owners when an intruder is present.
  • Destructive behavior: PWCs are easy to get bored. They will destroy things in your house if left alone too long. If you are busy at work and have to go out more thang 8 hours a day, this breed is not recommended.
  • Barking: Corgis bark a lot. Corgis are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound, such as neighbor left a gate open or the wind is rattling. The owner needs to train the Corgi to stop barking on command before barking becomes his habit. If you have never lived with dogs that bark a lot, you should visit the home of someone with a barking breed to see if you can live with it.
  • Chasing and nipping: Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a herding dog and used to driving away strange dogs from their owner's farm and flock, so he tends to chase and nip at things that move, such as children, joggers, other animals (cats), bikes, cars.

3. Breed Traits

Weight Male: 26-28 lbs. (11-12kg)
Female: 24-26 lbs. (10-11kg)
Coat Harsh and Rough, Medium, Short, Thick
Colors Red, Sable, Fawn, Black and Tan
Litter Size 6-7 puppies
Life Span 11-13 years

4. History

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was developed in Wales in the Pembroke shire area. The Corgis originated in Wales as far as 1107 AD. The Vikings and Flemish weavers brought the dogs with them as they traveled to reside in Wales. The early Corgis that came with the Flemish settlers reportedly resembled Schipperkes and descended from the same family that includes the Schipperkes, Keeshonds, Pomeranians, Samoyeds, Chow Chows, Norwegian Elkhounds, and Finnish Spitz. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was originally bred and used to herding sheep, geese, ducks, horses, and cattle as one of the oldest herding breeds of dogs.

The similarities between the Pembroke and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is not a matter of chance. The two breeds were crossed sometime in the 1800s when Cardigan puppies were sold to farmers in Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire. In December 1925, The Corgi Club was founded in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire. The local members favored the Pembroke breed, so a club for Cardigan enthusiasts was founded a year or so later. Both groups have worked hard to ensure the appearance and type of breed are standardized through careful selective breeding. Pembrokes and Cardigans were officially recognized by the Kennel Club in 1928. Before the two breeds were recognized as separate and distinct in 1934, they were categorized together as a single heading of Welsh Corgis

Pembroke Welsh Corgi 1934

Pembroke Welsh Corgi in 1934

In 1933 when Britain’s King George VI gave a Pembroke puppy to his little daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, Corgis became famous. Elizabeth, now Queen Elizabeth II, is still a fan of the breed. In 1934, The American Kennel Club registered its first Pembroke. 

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are becoming more popular in the United States and rank 21th in American Kennel Club registrations, as of 2016. 

5. Official Breed Standard

If you want to take your Pembroke Welsh Corgi to conformation show, a breed show that evaluates a dog to a judge's mental image of the ideal breed type as outlined in the individual breed's standard, you should know the official breed standard of Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

  • General appearance: The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a long, low dog with large erect ears, a fox-like head and active. Corgis giving an impression of substance and stamina in a small space. The tail is almost non-existent. He is not really a small dog, but rather a short dog.
  • Size: Height (from ground to highest point on withers) should be 10 to 12 inches. Weight is in proportion to size, with a male around 10-12kg and female 9-11kg.
  • Head:  Pembroke Corgi has a foxy head in shape and appearance, with alert, intelligent expression. Skull should be fairly wide and flat between the ears. The length of fore face to be in proportion to skull 3:5. Muzzle slightly tapering. Nose black and fully pigmented. The eyes, including the rims, are oval, brown, blending with the color of the coat and medium in size. The ears should not be so large that they overwhelm the head.
  • Neck: A Pembroke Welsh Corgi should have a moderately long neck. Sufficient length to provide an overall balance of the dog. Slightly arched, clean and blending well into the shoulders.
  • ForequarterShoulder well laid, and angulated at 90 degrees to the upper arm. Forefeet - Oval, toes strong, well arched, and tight, two center toes slightly advance, of two outer, pads strong and well arched. Nails - short. 
  • Body: Medium length, firm, and level, neither riding up to nor falling away at the croup.
  • Feet: The two center toes of the oval-shaped feet are slightly longer than the two outer toes
  • Tail: The natural bobtail may range in length from lack of the tail to a couple of inches long. 
  • Coat: Medium length, straight with a dense undercoat, never soft, wavy or wiry.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed standard

6. Colors

According to AKC standard, the outer coat is to be of self-colors in red, sable, fawn, black and tan, with or without white markings. White is acceptable on legs, chest, neck (either in part or as a collar), muzzle, underparts, and as a narrow blaze on head. White should not exceed 30 percent of the coat. Red is the most dominant of all its colors.

  • Red: No obvious black hairs. When Corgies ar puppies, red can be a bit deceiving. It means, they have black on their faces but as they grow the black disappears and they become all red.

red corgi

Red with white marking

  • Sable: Red with dark hair showing on withers, sometimes black “skullcap” on head, a base of tail, along shoulderblade lines.

Sable Pem

Sable color

  • Fawn is a very light Red.

Fawn corgi

  • Black and Tan:  black and tan with no white is perfect, but a Pembroke Welsh Corgi that is black and white with no tan present is a mismark. The tan is often not present at birth but appears within a few weeks after birth.

black and tan corgi

Black and Tan color

7. Temperament

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is highly intelligent, loyal, able and willing to please its owner. Pembrokes can get along well with cats and other pets if socialized when young, but may not be fond of other dogs. Corgis are very affectionate and love to follow their favorite person all the time. They are also attention-seeking and social. They pack a large personality, which varies from clownish and attention seeking, to thoughtful and introspective.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is somewhat suspicious around strangers and must be trained not to growl. They also tend to bark a lot and makes a good watchdog. Because of barking potential for excessive barking, Pembroke Welsh Corgi is not a good choice for the owners who have to work long hours or live near neighbors.

The Corgi is very smart, intelligent so he needs a job to keep out of troubles. He has destructive behavior when bored or left alone at home for a long period. He likes long walks and enjoys dog sports such as agility, rally, tracking, flyball and, of course, herding.


8. Differences between Pembroke Welsh Corgis and Cardigan Welsh Corgis

As mentioned above, there are two distinct types of Corgi: the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Although the Pembrokes and Cardigans share a very similar fox-like appearance with erect ears, foxy-head, long, low body, intelligent; the fact that they have separate origins and a number of differences in physical appearance.

A. Origins

The significant difference between the two Corgis is their origin. Although their origins in Wales, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was developed in Cardiganshire while the Pembroke Welsh Corgi was developed in Pembrokeshire.

In addition, the Cardigan and the Pembroke developed as quite different canine breeds. Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the older, rarer breed, coming from the same heritage as the Tekdal dogs, such as the Dachshund. Cardigan was brought to the county of Cardiganshire, Wales by the Celts from central Europe as early as 1200 BC.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi comes from the same family as the Terriers, Chow chow, Samoyed, Finnish spitz and Norwegian elkhound. The Flemish weavers brought the Pembroke with them as they traveled to reside in Wales as far as 1107 AD. But another tells of the Vikings of Norway bringing the spitz dogs around the 9th or 10th century on their forays to Wales.

B. Tail - A Major Physical Difference

Pembroke Welsh Corgis do not have tails or just a couple of inches long. But currently, most Pembroke Welsh Corgis are born tailless. Because of tailless, Corgis have funny, bunny butt which is a source of fascination to many people. Corgi bunny butts in Japan are called “momo” because their butts look like peaches (Momo means peach in Japanese). When Corgi is happy, he may shake his bottom and it's so cute.

Cardigans Welsh Corgis are specifically supposed to have tails with fox-like brushes that reach well below the hock.


C. Coat Colors

There are a greater number of colors of coat present in the Cardigan breed than the Pembroke. Cardigans may be any shade of red, sable or brindle, as well as being black, gray, or marbled with bits of white. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is most commonly red, sable, fawn, black and tan, with or without white markings. Blue merle Cardigan corgis are allowed to have blue eyes, whereas this is an AKC disqualifiable fault in a Pembroke corgi.

D. Other Minor Physical Differences

Height and Weight: 

In general, The Pembroke is slightly smaller than the Cardigan. 

  • In height: According to the breed standard of AKC, Pembrokes should be 10 to 12 inches while Cardigan is 10.5 – 12.5 inches.
  • In weight: the ideal Pembroke dog weight does not exceed 30 pounds and bitch’s should not exceed 25 pounds. But in the Cardigan dog weight should not exceed 38 pounds and the Cardigan bitch’s should not exceed 34 pounds. 

Ear: Pem's ears are small and more triangular while Cardigan's ears are larger and more rounded at the tips.

Feet: The feet of Pem are oval with the front feet remaining straight, the two center toes slightly longer than outer toes. The Cardigan’s feet will be round and front feet curved outwards.

E. Temperament

When compared, a Pembroke has a very bold, affectionate personality, while a Cardigan’s personality is more placid. Many owners tend to choose the Pembroke over the Cardigan as a companion dog because of this temperament.

F. Comparison Table

Compare Pembroke Welsh Corgis Cardigan Welsh Corgis
Popularity (AKC 2016) #21 #79
Adaptability High Medium
Exercise Needs Require more exercise Not much exercise is required
Life Span 11-13 years 10-12 years
Height (min-max) 10-12 inches  11-13 inches
Weight (min-max) 24-28 pounds 30-38 pounds
Hunting drives  Moderate High
Impulse to wander Low Moderate
Litter size 6-7 puppies 4-6 puppies

9. Exercise

In general, Corgis need to have daily exercise and structured play to avoid destructive behaviors and being overweight. Adult Corgis need to be walked at least twice a day in addition to enjoying some form of playtime (ball toss, frisbee throw, etc) as well. Young Corgis from 6 to 18-months adolescents require exercise more frequently due to the fact that they have more energy to burn off. Because it is an intelligent breed, incorporating games, play or training will be very healthy for this dog. 

Corgis need a minimum of two outing a day. The first outing of the day should be early in the morning, from 30 to 40 minutes. If the dog is going to be left alone the rest of the day, he needs 60 minutes of walking in the morning. The second outing can be shorter than the first outing, lasting around 20-30 minutes. During the outings, Corgis can run, playing fetch games or swimming. Corgis tend to get along with other dogs. If your Corgi is well-socialized, a romp in the park with some friends can give her a little workout. 

In addition, the owners can teach their Corgi tricks or basic obedience behaviors as well as stimulate Corgi's mind. Short training sessions lasting between 5 to 10 minutes once or twice a day are the best.

Corgi exercise

10. Coat and Grooming

The Corgi has medium length double coat. It means a harder top coat lies on top of a softer undercoat. The undercoat is short, thick and weather-resistant. The outer coat is coarser and longer. Overall length varies, with slightly thicker and longer ruff around the neck, chest and on the shoulders. The body coat lies flat. Hair is slightly longer on the back of forelegs and underparts and somewhat fuller and longer on the rear of hindquarters. The coat is preferably straight, but some waviness is permitted.

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are easy to groom. Corgi’s coat requires a ten-minute brushing twice a week to remove loose and dead hair. But when it is shedding heavily it's an idea to brush them daily. A Corgi will generally shed their undercoat in the spring or summer. In this time, A broom or vacuum-cleaning bag will become a way of life.

If they have been out in the mud then it is easy to remove the dirt once it has dried. Bathing is recommended only occasionally, as needed.

11. Health

Pembroke is generally healthy, with an average lifespan of 10 to 13 years. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are a "true dwarf". It can lead to certain non-inherited health conditions, but genetic issues should also be considered. 

Pembroke Welsh Corgis have some health problems that can be of concern, include:

  • Hip dysplasia: This is a genetic condition in which the thigh doesn't fit snugly into the hip joint. Some dogs show pain and lameness but some show none at all. Hip dysplasia is common in Pembroke Welsh Corgis. According to The Orthopedic Foundation of America, there are 17% Pembroke Welsh Corgis get dysplastic of total 8000 Corgis evaluated the hip X-rays.
  • One of the most serious of the conditions threatening the Pembroke is degenerative myelopathy (DM). This is a type of progressive paralysis that cannot be cured. Fortunately, a DNA test for DM is available.
  • Epilepsy: This is a real concern in this breed. Because it is inherited. Symptoms of seizures include a far away look, twitching, falling, gnashing teeth and accidental urinating.
  • The most serious eye diseases are cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Because of their long backs, Pembroke is prone to Intervertebral Disk Disease, characterized by ruptures in the spinal disk.
  • Corgis are easy to gain weight. So the owner needs to watch their diet carefully. If don't, it can lead to other problem such as obesity, heart disease, arthritis, diabetes mellitus, so on.

12. Nutrition and Feeding

Recommended daily amount: 3/4 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.

In order to keep your Corgi healthy you need to provide him with a balanced diet that provides a blend of protein, fats, and carbohydrate – vitamins and minerals are also very important. A 25-pound corgi requires about 870 calories per day. Meat should be the nucleus of the diet. Vegetables are in second place. 

Corgi doesn't have specific needs for carbohydrate but they do need dietary fiber. Carbohydrate to include in dog’s diet are whole grains like brown rice and oats. Gluten- and grain-free options are also available from ingredients like sweet potato and tapioca.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is easy to overweight. So it is important to keep a Corgi in proper weight. The owner should watch Corgi's diet carefully to avoid over feeding. 

13. Price Range

Average $600 - $1000 USD

14. What's the average yearly cost to own

$1015 USD

15. Rescue Group

Check with your local Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club for more Corgi rescue groups and contacts in your area.

16. Breed Organization

Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

17. Famous Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Queen Dog

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are famed for being the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 during her reign.

The Queen has three Corgis: Linnet, Holly, Willow. She also has three Dorgis (cross-breed of Dachshund and Corgi) Cider, Candy, Vulcan. Her fourth corgi, Monty, sadly passed away recently.

Queen Dog Queen Dog 2


Rufus, also known as “Amazon’s shortest volunteer worker,” was the original mascot of in its early days. He was born in 1994. Rufus came to work with the person who happened to be Amazon's editor-in-chief and principal engineer.

Rufus passed away peacefully on May 27, 2009.

Rufus amazone                         Rufus amazone 2

Lil' Lightning

Lil' Lightning is the hidden secondary antagonist of Disney's 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure and is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

Lil' LightningEin

Ein is known as a "data dog" in anime television series Cowboy Bebop. He is a very intelligent Pembroke Welsh Corgi.


18. Pictures

Corgi 1

Pembroke Welsh Corgi pictures

Corgi 4

Corgi 5

pembroke corgi pictures

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